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SAT阅读题型分类——推断题

ZUOZHE:XINTONGJIAOYU

2016-02-19 新通教育

SATYUEDUYIZHISHIZHONGGUOKAOSHENGDEBORUOXIANG,XINTONGJIAOYUWEIBANGZHUGUANGDAKAOSHENGTIGAOSATKAOSHICHENGJI,TEDIJINGXINZHENGLILESATYUEDUFENLEITIKU。NEIKUAILAISATYUEDUGAOFENSUCAIKUJIQUYINGYANGBA!

The excerpt is taken from a novel. Mr. Harding, now an old man, has lost his position as the Warden of a hospital for old men. He has just come from an unsuccessful interview with Mr. Slope concerning his reappointment to the position.

  Mr. Harding was not a happy man as he walked down
  the palace pathway, and stepped out into the close. His
  position and pleasant house were a second time
  gone from him; but that he could endure. He had been
  (5) schooled and insulted by a man young enough to be
  his son; but that he could put up with. He could even
  draw from the very injuries which had been inflicted
  on him some of that consolation which, we may
  believe, martyrs always receive from the injustice of
  (10) their own sufferings. He had admitted to his daughter
  that he wanted the comfort of his old home, and yet he
  could have returned to his lodgings in the High Street,
  if not with exultation, at least with satisfaction, had
  that been all. But the venom of the chaplain's
  (15) harangue had worked into his blood, and sapped the
  life of his sweet contentment.
  'New men are carrying out new measures, and
  are carting away the useless rubbish of past centuries!'
  What cruel words these had been- and how often are
  (20) they now used with all the heartless cruelty of a
  Slope! A man is sufficiently condemned if it can only
  be shown that either in politics or religion he does not
  belong to some new school established within the last
  score of years. He may then regard himself as rubbish
  (25) and expect to be carted away. A man is nothing now
  unless he has within him a full appreciation of the
  new era; an era in which it would seem that neither
  honesty nor truth is very desirable, but in which
  success is the only touchstone of merit. We must
  (30) laugh at everything that is established. Let the joke be
  ever so bad, ever so untrue to the real principles of
  joking; nevertheless we must laugh - or else beware
  the cart. We must talk, think, and live up to the spirit
  of the times, or else we are nought. New men and new
  (35) measures, long credit and few scruples, great success
  or wonderful ruin, such are now the tastes of
  Englishmen who know how to live! Alas, alas! Under
  such circumstances Mr. Harding could not but feel
  that he was an Englishman who did not know how to
  (40) live. This new doctrine of Mr. Slope and the rubbish
  cart sadly disturbed his equanimity.
  'The same thing is going on throughout the
  whole country!' 'Work is now required from every
  man who receives wages!' And had he been living all
  (45) his life receiving wages, and doing no work? Had he
  in truth so lived as to be now in his old age justly
  reckoned as rubbish fit only to be hidden away in
  some huge dust-hole? The school of men to whom he
  professes to belong, the Grantlys, the Gwynnes, are
  (50) afflicted with no such self-accusations as these which
  troubled Mr. Harding. They, as a rule, are as satisfied
  with the wisdom and propriety of their own conduct
  as can be any Mr. Slope, or any Bishop with his own.
  But, unfortunately for himself, Mr. Harding had little
  (55) of this self-reliance. When he heard himself
  designated as rubbish by the Slopes of the world, he
  had no other resource than to make inquiry within his
  own bosom as to the truth of the designation. Alas,
  alas! the evidence seemed generally to go against him.

  4. It can be inferred that Mr Harding is especially disturbed because he
  A. does not feel himself to be old
  B. is offended by the young man’s impertinence
  C. believes no one else feels as he does
    D. believe his life’s work has been worthwhile

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